Sunday, May 24, 2020
Unless you can answer with numbers, to respond to questions like how many? youll probably need to use one of the Spanish adjectives of quantity. An example of an adjective of quantity in English is many in the phrase many dogs. The adjective comes before the noun and tells how many. It is the same in Spanish, muchos perros where muchos is the adjective of quantity. Like most other non-descriptive adjectives, adjectives of quantity usually come before the noun they refer to (just as in English), or they can come after a copulative verb. And like other adjectives, they must match the nouns they refer to in number and gender. Here are the most common adjectives of quantity with examples of how they are used: algÃ ºn, alguna, algunos, algunasÃ¢â¬âsome, anyÃ¢â¬âAlguna vez, voy al centro. (Some time, I will go downtown.) Pasaron algunos coches de policÃ a. (Some police cars passed.) Ã ¿Tienes algunos zapatos? (Do you have any shoes?) Nearly all the time, the English any in sentences such as the example is left untranslated into Spanish. For example, Are there any watermelons? becomes Ã ¿Hay sandÃ as?ambos, ambasÃ¢â¬âbothÃ¢â¬âAmbas compaÃ ±Ã as crearÃ ¡n una empresa internacional. (Both companies will create an international enterprise.)bastante, bastantesÃ¢â¬âenough, sufficientÃ¢â¬âEn mi ciudad hay bastantes iglesias. (In my city there are enough churches.)mucho, mucha, muchos, muchasÃ¢â¬âmuch, manyÃ¢â¬âLos medios de comunicaciÃ ³n tienen mucho poder. (Communications media have much power.) Ella tiene muchos gatos. (She has many cats.)Ã¢â¬âTypically, this word is translated as much when singular and many when plural. In informal usage, you also can tra nslate as a lot of.ningÃ ºn, ningunaÃ¢â¬ânoÃ¢â¬âNinguna persona serÃ ¡ atacada or ridiculizada. (No person will be attacked or ridiculed.) In Spanish, it is far less common to use ninguno or ninguna as an adjective than to use no as an adverb with the main verb, thus negating the entire sentence. Thus, I have no shoes would typically be stated as no tengo zapatos.poco, poca, pocos, pocasÃ¢â¬âsmall, little or slight; fewÃ¢â¬âHay poco pan. (There is little bread.) Hay pocas uvas. (There are a few grapes.)suficienteÃ¢â¬âenough, sufficientÃ¢â¬âTenemos equipos suficientes para las inspecciones. (We have enough teams for the inspections.) Bastante is more frequently used than suficiente. Suficiente frequently follows the noun.tanto, tanta, tantos, tantasÃ¢â¬âso much, so manyÃ¢â¬âJamÃ ¡s habÃ a comido tanto queso. (He had never eaten so much cheese.) En AmÃ ©rica Latina nunca han existido tantos pobres como ahora. (In Latin America there never have existed so many poor people as now.)todo, toda, todos, todasÃ¢â¬âeach, every, allÃ¢â¬âTodo americano lo sabe. (Every American knows it.) Todos los perros van al cielo. (All dogs go to heaven.) Use of todo or toda in singular form as an adjective isnt particularly common. Todos or todas is quite often used in plural form before the definite article, as in the example.unos, unasÃ¢â¬âsomeÃ¢â¬âUnos gatos son mejores cazadores que otros. (Some cats are better hunters than others.)varios, variasÃ¢â¬âseveralÃ¢â¬âJavier tenÃ a varios coches. (Javier had several cars.) Note that many of these adjectives are frequently used as other parts of speech, especially pronouns and adverbs. For example, poco can also function as an adverb meaning not. For example: Es poco inteligente. (Shes unintelligent.) Sample Sentences Using Adjectives of Quantity Hemos reunido muchas firmas, pero no son bastantes para hacer la peticiÃ ³n. (We have gathered many signatures, but they arent enough to make the petition valid.) Necesitamos observe lo que ningÃ ºn ojo puede ver. (We need to observe what no eye can see.) Ã ¿Tiene este hombre tantos amigos como enemigos? (Does this man have as many friends as enemies?) Los padres nuevos suelen preguntar si sus bebÃ ©s dormirÃ ¡n toda la noche alguna vez. (New parents keep on asking if their babies will sleep all night some time.)
Monday, May 18, 2020
Sublimation is the term for when matter undergoes a phase transition directly from a solid to gaseous form, or vapor, without passing through the more common liquid phase between the two. It is a specific case of vaporization. Sublimation refers to physical changes of transition, and not to cases where solids convert into gas due to a chemical reaction. Because the physical change from a solid into a gas requires the addition of energy into the substance, it is an example of an endothermic change. How Sublimation Works Phase transitions are dependent upon the temperature and pressure of the material in question. Under normal conditions, as generally described by kinetic theory, adding heat causes the atoms within a solid to gain energy and become less tightly bound to each other. Depending on the physical structure, this usually causes the solid to melt into liquid form. If you look at the phase diagrams, which is a graph that depicts the states of matter for various pressures and volumes. The triple point on this diagram represents the minimum pressure for which the substance can take on the liquid phase. Below that pressure, when the temperature drops below the level of the solid phase, it transitions directly into the gas phase. The consequence of this is that if the triple point is at high pressure, as in the case of solid carbon dioxide (or dry ice), then sublimation is actually easier than melting the substance since the high pressures needed to turn them into liquids are typically a challenge to create. Uses for Sublimation One way to think about this is that if you want to have sublimation, you need to get the substance beneath the triple point by lowering the pressure. A method that chemists often employ is placing the substance in a vacuum and applying heat, in a device called a sublimation apparatus. The vacuum means that the pressure is very low, so even a substance that usually melts into liquid form will sublimate directly into vapor with the addition of the heat. This is a method used by chemists to purify compounds and was developed in the pre-chemistry days of alchemy as a means of creating purified vapors of elements. These purified gases can then go through a process of condensation, with the end result being a purified solid, since either the temperature of sublimation or the temperature of condensation would be different for the impurities than for the desired solid. One note of consideration on what I described above: condensation would actually take the gas into a liquid, which would then freeze back into a solid. It would also be possible to reduce the temperature while retaining the low pressure, keeping the whole system beneath the triple point, and this would cause a transition directly from gas into solid. This process is called deposition.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
I remember the days when my grandma would be the one taking care of me after school. Each and every school day, I would eagerly wait for school to end so that my grandma could come and pick me up to bring me back to her apartment. Each and every day, she would come 15 minutes after school had ended to avoid the hassle of dealing with all the parents coming at the same time to pick their kids up. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t mind though, that gave me time to talk to my teachers about issues that I had or just to socialize with my friends. Once my grandma arrived, I would quickly drop what I was doing, say goodbye to whomever I was talking to, and go straight to the car to keep my grandma from waiting. My grandma would immediately greet me and ask how my dayÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦My grandma became a big part of my life and no one can ever replace her or all the things she has taught me. Then, just a few years ago, I heard something that still haunts me to this day. Did you hear the words that haunted me as well? Did a close family of yours get diagnosed with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, a detrimental disease that burdens not only the patient, but the family as well? What is AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s exactly? According to What is AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment, published on Medical News Today, AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ a neurological disorder in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive declineÃ¢â¬ (Macgill). Now that you know what you and are going against, what are you going to be doing next? When my family first found out that my grandma had AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, we were faced with a decision that would affect my grandma for the rest of her life. Though we knew that we would eventually have to place my grandma into a nursing home, we had to decide whether we wanted to place my grandma into a nursing home or take care of my grandma ourselves when it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessary to place her in a nursin g home. There were pros and cons for both decisions that made the two decisions very difficult to choose from. My mom, who would be the main caregiver of my grandma, eventually decided that it would be best for my grandma to be in the hands of her family and opted against professional help. Making theShow MoreRelated Understanding Alzheimers Disease Essay1846 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesUnderstanding Alzheimers Disease With all of the advanced technology that the medical field possesses today, there is still suffering that occurs from incurable diseases. Alzheimers Disease is one of those incurable diseases that take the lives of many today. This paper will examine this disease thoroughly by looking at its definition, and discussing general information, facts, and figures. The cause of Alzheimers Disease, and the much thought about question of if it is genetic or not willRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : A Type Of Dementia1117 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswith AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease for more than ten years. During the last couple of years she was alive I barely ever visited her, and I never understood why she was always in bed, and whenever I went to go see her she never remembered who I was. I feel that because of this disease, I lost my grandmother a long time ago; hopefully by the end of this paper I will have a better understanding about the disease that took her away, years ago. According to the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Association (2015), AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is aRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : The Most Common Form Of Dementia998 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof Alzheimer disease, especially adults who have a family member in late adulthood. If people were to have knowledge on how to help or treat someone who has Alzheimer disease it would be beneficial for both of them and it would make living together much easier. Many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what Alzheimer disease is Ã¢â¬Å"AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. The risk of AD increases with ageÃ¢â¬ (Takashi 2015). As someone ages they are most likely to get Alzheimer disease, this due to generalizedRead MoreA Brief Note On Fighting Alzheimer s Disease1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJanuary 18, 2017 Fighting AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"So now, we feel it is important to share it with you. In opening our hearts, we hope this might promote greater awareness of this condition. Perhaps it will encourage a clearer understanding of the individuals and families who are affected by it.Ã¢â¬ This was part of the fortieth president Ronald ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s speech announcing the start of his battle with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease that would last ten years (Adams 21). AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is a disease that affects millions of AmericansRead MoreThe Disease Of Alzheimer s Disease1172 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is the 6th leading cause of death in America. It kills more than breast cancer and prostate cancer combined. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s accounts for 70-80% of dementia cases. By the age of 65, 1 in 9 people are diagnosed and by the age of 85, 1 in 3 people will have the disease. According to the Alzheimer Association, 5 million people in American have AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s starts to form 20 years prior to being diagnosed. Learning about AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s can help familiesRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease : The Neurological Thief822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease: The Neurological Thief Ashley E. Campbell Psychology 210 October 31, 2015 Malvereen Harris AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease: The Neurological Thief It is a wicked disease that slowly steals our loved ones memories, independence and eventually their lives. While no one knows the exact cause of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease, it is the leading cause of dementia related deaths to date. It was first described in 1906 by Alois Alzheimer, a German psychologist and neurologist. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s DiseaseRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Alzheimer s Disease920 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAlthough there is no cure for AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s there are ways to treat this disease. Certain medications may help lessen the symptoms, such as memory loss and confusion but only for a limited amount of time. The Food and Drug Administration have approved the following types of medications: cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine, both of these medications treat the cognitive symptoms of Alzheimer s disease. (Office) Unfortunately, as AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s advances the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s brain cells progressively die andRead MoreJenkins Keith HCS245 Wk3 Mental Behavioral Case Study Essay651 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesgrandmother might be suffering from early stage of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. Upon doing research on the disease I learned that Alzheimers disease is perhaps the most common form of dementia, although several others exist. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a progressive disease of the brain. In the early stages, people experience some memory loss which progresses to marked memory loss, then to a decrease in thinking ability such as decision making. Later the disease leads to the loss in the ability to perform activitiesRead MoreCase Study: AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢S Disease. Mary Wipf. Phgy 220- Gerald1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStudy: AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Mary Wipf PHGY 220- Gerald McGraw April 2, 2017 In the world, there are new cases of dementia for somewhere between 10 and 15 people per 1000. Five to eight per 1000 are cases of AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s. Dementia is a term that simply defines a mentally deteriorated condition. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is a type of dementia. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disease and is the most common cause of dementia in older people. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s is a disease of theRead MoreAlzheimer s Disease And Dementia1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s association, over five million Americans are living with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. It is also noted that AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the US, causing more fatalities than breast and prostate cancer patients combined. With that being said, how many commercials have you seen about AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness? How many 5kÃ¢â¬â¢s and walk-a-thons have you seen advertised opposed to cancer awareness? My purpose with this paper is to shed light on AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s and dementia
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Due to recent climate change the environment has been impacted in many ways. Climate Change is a change in global or regional climate patterns attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels (Oxford Dictionary). Scientists have studied the impacts it s having on the environment such as temperature rising, sea level rising, and increase in natural disasters. Climate change has only affected us in the 20 years due to the increase in factories cars, and CO2 we produce. Climate change has caused many problems with the waters environment. Spikes in water temperature are causing a massive decrease in species population globally. All marine life is impacted by climate change in manyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ËOnce a tropical fish species arrives in a new area, it can quickly mow down vegetation and algae and destroy the lush habitat that protects other species. For instance, parrot fish are capable of eating a lot of seagrass per individual, said marine scientist Joel Fodrie of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. These types of fish are hurting these ecosystems and hurting other species. Ã¢â¬Å"The shrimp, crab, and other species that often spend the first year of their lives hiding from predators in the protection of the grasses disappear when their cover is gone, leaving a void for the creatures that depend on them. The loss of vegetation can completely change the community of species that live thereÃ¢â¬ (VergÃ ©s). Climate change has also affected the land in every aspect from coastal communities to the farms worldwide. Ã¢â¬Å"Droughts in the Southwest and heat waves everywhere are projected to become more intense, and cold waves less intense everywhere. Summer temperatures are projected to continue rising, and a reduction of soil moisture, which exacerbates heat waves, is projected for much of the western and central U.S. in summer. By the end of this century, what have been once-in-20-year extreme heat days (one-day events) are projected to occur every two or three years over most of the nationÃ¢â¬ (NASA).summertime temperatures in the United States that ranked among the hottest 5% in 1950-1979 will occur at leastShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment Essay1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOCEAN ACIDIFICATION Smog, contaminated water, melting of snow packs. These are some of impacts that Climate Change has had on the Earth over the past years. All of these are product of the increase in carbon dioxide emissions by humans and their polluting activities. Since the Industrial Revolution, these events have escalated and, they have been becoming more noticeable and prolonged across the globe. Some of these events are more palpable and pronounced in certain parts of the hemisphere. For exampleRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescooler climates all are impacts of increasing temperatures that are happening right now. Within the next century, sea levels will rise 7 - 23 inches, Storms will become much stronger, floods/droughts will become more common, and many, many other negative environmental changes (Cook). These changes in the environment have been the topic of debate for decades, but has become more and more common over the past few years. On one side of the debate, there are the people who believe climate changeRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe amount of damage that has been done to the environment is due to this current generation and the problem I will be focusing on is climate change. Climate change is an issue that has been present for many years, but we are just now deciding to stand up and try to fix things. The problem at hand is whether or not itÃ¢â¬â¢s too late to undo the destruction thatÃ¢â¬â¢s already been done. Is this damage too critical that it cannot be corrected? Climate change is an environmental issue that is reversible, theRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrisks of climate change, but many others are unaware of the problem, unsure of the facts or what to do, do not trust experts or believe their conclusions, think the problem is elsewhere, are fixed in their ways, believe that others should act, or believe that their actions will make no difference or are unimportant compared to those of others. II. Ã¢â¬ ¢ An individual level of analysis is relevant for understanding the impacts of climate change and the ways individuals adapt to climate change becauseRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment1055 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesClimate change has become a major issue in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Coming from the rise of Greenhouse Gas emissions and changing temperature caused human developments, world leaders and organisations are working on ways to combat the problem. This includes taking steps towards renewable energy and a cleaner future. Although, human activity is not the sole cause to the rising earthÃ¢â¬â¢s temperatures. Besides are use of greenhouse gases and fossil fuels, natural Influences including the current El NiÃ ±o periodRead MoreClimate Change And Its Effect On The Environment Essay1348 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Tying this back to climate change, it the levels of these salt marshes are affected by the rise in seawater. However, if the cordgrass and marsh hay experience more or less stress from higher or lower tides than they are used to, the soils within each area will be disturbed. The higher the sea level rises, the more tides increase in number as well as speed. If the tides speed up and become more frequent, it is possible that this could dislodge newly planted seeds and disturb the populations increasingRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesClimate is consistent behavior of temperature, precipitation, humidity, atmospheric pressure and other related environmental factors. Around the globe, temperature a re climbing, sea levels are rising, and season are changing, which means that climate change is transforming our Earth. Climate change indicates negative consequences on the impact to humanity and on the factors of the climate system. By climate change the most endangered is atmosphere, because it changes the composition of uncontrolledRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Enviro nment Essay954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat the reason for the heat range change is man made pollution. The alleged cause of this climatic change is the development of carbon dioxide, which blocks solar heat and keeps it from radiating out of the weather. Carbon footprint is a way to evaluate the effect that human actions have on the surroundings through the exhaust of green house gas, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbon are associated with environment changes and have an effect on the entire atmosphere. SpecificallyRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment Essay1916 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBarack Obama and other World Leaders secured a global agreement to fight against climate change. President Obama strives to lessen global emissions by the end of the century and to alleviate the amount of fossil fuels that are being burned in our atmosphere. Society has been affecting our environment by burning fossil fuels and decreasing the amount of greenhouse gases. The changing climate has affected the environment in many ways. The EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s water systems have been thrown off balance, there areRead MoreThe Effects Of Climate Change On The Environment3459 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesIntroduction Ã¢â¬Å"If international climate policy is to prove effective, government policy-makers will unavoidably need to take all business actors on board, not the least of them the multinational oil corporations. The oil industry is one of the most powerful and global business sectors today and its activities and products are directly linked with rising greenhouse gas emissions. Understanding its climate change strategies and actions is of utmost importance to those policy-makers aiming at constructive
Informative Speech Rough Draft Outline Introduction:Do you find yourself not having as much energy during the week as you used to when you were in high school? Do you find that you get irritable more often? General Purpose:I am here to inform you about Chemical Warfare. Preview Statement: First we will talk about what is Chemical Warfare. Then we will explorehow Chemical Warfare works, and finally we will discuss the advantagesand disadvantages of Chemical Warfare. We will write a custom essay sample on Informative Speech Rough Draft Outline Introduction or any similar topic only for you Order Now I. What is Chemical Warfare? A. To begin what is the definition of Chemical Warfare. 1. Chemical Warfare definition (1) 2. Munitions and agents B. Next, what are some types of Chemicals used in Chemical Warfare. 1. Nerve Agents (2) a. Attacks the nervous system b. Symptoms 2. Vesicant/Blister (2) Transition:We have finished talking about, what is Chemical Warfare. We will be moving on to how Chemical Warfare works. II. How Chemical Warfare works. A. First, how Chemical Warfare weapons are depolyed. 1. Dispersion Technique (2) 2. Thermal dissemination (2) B. Next, how Chemical Warfare is deemed effective. 1. Shortage of supplies 2. Inaccesblie areas Transition: This concludes how Chemical Warfare works; now letÃ¢â¬â¢s finish with the advantages and disadvantages of Chemical Warfare. III. Advantages and disadvantages of Chemical Warfare A. First, letÃ¢â¬â¢s talk about the advantages of Chemical Warfare 1. Cost of using Chemical Warfare (3) 2. Hard to defend against (2) B. Finally, letÃ¢â¬â¢s talk about the disadvantages of Chemical Warfare 1. Casualties (3) 2. Unreliable accuracy (2) a. urban environments b. controlled sections Conclusion:I will signal the end of my speech with a post summary. I will regain the attention of the audience by using the full-circle method. I will clinch by making the end sound like the end. How to cite Informative Speech Rough Draft Outline Introduction, Essay examples
Question: What Is The Primary Responsibility Of Every Company? Answer: Introduction Due to the irresponsible activity by BP, there was a major leakage of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico, which disrupted the smooth flow of operations of the entire region. Furthermore, many industries like tourism, fishing, etc were badly hampered because of the oil spill. As a result, some of such industries even had to be shut down in order to avoid additional losses in their businesses. Moreover, the spill also resulted in a significant drop in the oil prices from $86.19 to $68.03 in the year 2010. After evaluating such circumstances, BP undertook the liability of sustaining the entire environment (Jefferson Bowling, 2011). These activities included compensation processes, cleaning up activities, and research activities. Nonetheless, the company aimed to restore the entire economy so that the harmful effects of the disaster can be controlled. Legitimacy theory Legitimacy theory depends on the social contract ideology wherein companies seek a Accounting interconnection with the society in order to obtain a secure accessibility of resources. Furthermore, companies rely on such social value and the assumption of societies that are associated with the organizational performance. Nonetheless, a discrepancy is of primary concern to the company, thereby posing a risk to its legitimacy. Such risk or threat to legitimacy is a key concern that must be addressed because it hampers the bond betwixt the company and its stakeholders, thereby limiting its resources. Moreover, this can be in the form of a massive threat that can enhance strict regulations by the government, a lesser level of employment, disinvestment by creditors, fall in customers demand, etc (Broder, 2012). Considering all these issues, it is vital that the company must conduct its activities in a manner that is not detrimental to stakeholders interests, thereby assisting in the attainment of key goals. In the case of BP, legitimacy crisis had occurred due to the massive tragedy, and to assure an effective public response, it is important to pursue an effective form of disclosure in reporting measures (Jacobson, 2013). However, the company had no past record of precautionary measures that would be implemented in case of an oil spill. On a whole, the company defied the theory of legitimacy. Stakeholder theory This theory is associated with detecting who are the stakeholders of the company and the way by which they interact and implement them upon the organization. Besides, companies that can frame an effective interconnection with their stakeholders can perform better than other organizations. On a whole, with the assistance of social contracts, such companies make the stakeholders responsible for their objectives. The tragedy on April 20 shook the entire Gulf coast because many industries were affected and some even had to be shut down. Moreover, the combined economic affairs of such affected industries amounted to more than forty billion dollars. The residents do not possess a direct authority over the company but in relation to long-run, they pursue an indirect authority. Furthermore, based on this theory, BP must enhance its bonds with stakeholders in order to restore social legitimacy (Dittrick, 2010). For such, it has to make ways for the restoration activities to minimize the impacts of the spill. Besides, the occurrence of spill resulted in the establishment of a US trust of twenty billion dollars that the company must pay for a response to its ineffective affairs. This sheds light on the indirect authority of the community and therefore, BP must conduct such operations effectively and rapidly. Public interest theory This theory is related to the companies and their role towards securing the efficacies of the entire economy. Agencies are duty bound to implement strict actions during the occurrence of any urgencies. Furthermore, it must also be established when the action must be implemented and entrusted to the statutory bodies. Moreover, it has become problematic on the part of trustees to track the various products and services that have disappeared from the environment (Lahav, 2014). Therefore, considering the BP oil spill tragedy, the theory of public interest is not applicable in any case because the company never focused on the efficacy of the entire economy. Besides, its annual report also did not highlight any activity undertaken to assist the people or benefit the economy. Interconnection of the theories with Accounting Record The legitimacy theory provides that companies that are viewed as legitimate must function within a prescribed set of rules and regulation. Besides, disclosure is one such step that can assist in maintaining legitimacy as it can address the concerns of society regarding the companys functioning. However, in relation to the case of BP, it can be viewed that the company is accused because it has failed to implement adequate disclosure measures in its reporting framework, thereby resulting in the loss of societys confidence (Cherry Sneirson, 2010). Moreover, if the company had not restricted the details regarding the oil spill, it would not have resulted in such a situation. Therefore, the company must make steps to keep its stakeholders adequately informed of its activities in order to stay legitimate as a whole. According to the public interest theory, it can be observed that there is a presence of delicacy on the market and it will not perform adequately if permitted to function on its own. Since there was a restriction of sufficient resources; the agencies became incapable of operating in an appropriate way. Besides, even the enforcement resources of the company were insufficient that resulted in the major downfall of the companys trust and the tragedy as a whole (Cherry Sneirson, 2010). Based on the stakeholder theory, there is an urgent need for adoption of ethical activities on the part of the management. BP must be able to concentrate on matters relating to the development of an effective bond with its stakeholders. Besides, since the company had to go through major dissatisfaction from the public post the oil spill, it can be said that the company was responsible for the tragedy (Khatchadourian, 2011). However, it maintained a strong position by progressing in the right direction towards facilitation of restoration activities. Role of regulators The role of statutory bodies is very important for companies like British Petroleum because they can assist in framing an effective balance, thereby ultimately resulting in a smooth functioning. Furthermore, adherence to statutory rules and regulations become easier with the help of such regulators. Moreover, companies can also enhance their brand image in the eyes of the public through addressing their issues on the direction of the regulators (Juhasz, 2011). However, in relation to BP, resources and other enforcement resources were insufficient that could have assisted in protecting the public. Besides, a minimal focus was granted towards drilling and other relevant operations. Explanation of the position Determination of the influence of costs is very problematic, especially when these are non-quantifiable. However, in relation to BP, these costs possess a vital part in giving shape to the future of the company. As per my notion, the following proper patterns of the disclosure can assist in enhancing the corporate image of the company. Therefore, it must disclose all the relevant costs that are incurred on the part of other industries regarding the occurrence of the oil spill (Rampton Gardner, 2012). Moreover, adherence of IAS 37 can be a relevant consideration for the company because it takes into account contingent liabilities, assets, and provisions (Broder Krauss, 2011). Besides, such provisions for cleaning process are required under the standard that must be measured under the amount. In addition, it can also assist in the calculation of environmental impacts of the oil spill through consideration of economic standards. On a whole, it can be commented that the model can play a key role in permitting the company to quantify the decline of natural resources and thereafter determine the future value with effectiveness and flexibility. Conclusion BP oil spill had a major influence on its market capitalization that resulted in the deterioration of its financial position as a whole. The company had to expend more than thirty billion dollars in response to the compensation procedures, cleaning processes, research activities, and lawsuits that were made against it. Moreover, as of June 25, the stock prices of the company reported the lowest and this could be attributed to a major impact on the companys market capitalization. Nevertheless, even though the financial position of the company was powerful, yet the accident resulted in degrading its stock prices. On a whole, implementing effective steps in the future can assist the company to make up for the losses incurred due to the tragedy. Besides, laying a framework of CSR activity on the part of the company is also relevant. References Broder, J. M 2012, Ruling Favours Owner of Rig in Gulf Spill, The New York Times, viewed 19 May 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/27/Accounting/energy-environment/transocean-not-liable-for-some-gulf-spill-claims-judge-rules.html. Broder, J. M., Krauss, C 2011, Regulation of Offshore Rigs Is a Work in Progress, The New York Times, viewed 18 May 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/17/us/politics/17regulate.html?pagewanted=all_r=0 Cherry, M.A Sneirson, J.F 2010, Beyond Profit: Rethinking Corporate Social Responsibility and Green washing after the BP Oil Disaster, Tulane Law Review, vol. 85, no.4, pp. 983-1038. Dittrick, P 2010, Investors ask firms to outline deepwater risks, spill-response plans, Oil and Gas Journal, vol. 108, no. 30, p. 26. Jacobson, M 2013, By the Numbers: The Oil Spill and BP's Legal Troubles, PBS News Hour, viewed 18 May 2017, https://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/07/gulf-oil-spill-by-the-numbers.html Jefferson, J Bowling, N 2011, The Economic and Biological Impacts of The BP Oil Spill, NDS 372.01 Environmental Studies Capstone Seminar. Juhasz, A 2011, Black tide: the devastating impact of the Gulf oil spill, John Wiley and Sons, New Jersey Khatchadourian, R 2011, The Gulf war, Was there any heroes in the BP Oil Disaster, viewed 18 May 2017 https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2011/03/14/the-gulf-war Lahav, A 2014, The ideas that underly BPs cert petition dont make sense, viewed 18 May 2017 https://neworleans.legalexaminer.com/toxic-substances/professor-lahav-the-ideas-that-underly-bps-cert-petition-dont-make-sense/ Rampton, R Gardner, T 2012, U.S. bans BP from new government contracts after oil spill deal, viewed 18 May 2017 https://articles.chicagotribune.com/2012-11-28/business/sns-rt-us-bp-contractsbre8ar0m1-20121128_1_bp-plc-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Red wine varietals Essay Red Wine VarietalsThese choices of red wines represent the five most common varieties sold in restaurants today. These wines were chosen to give a broad overview of different grape varieties as well as different countries, from an introductory point of view. Each wine in it self has significant characteristics, such as, different varieties of fruit, tannins, colors, finishes, and bodies. Each of these different wines have been paired with a different food (served appetizer fashion) slightly complimenting its body of essence. Each food was chosen because of its unique flavor, whether it be strong or delicate, not to over power the wine, but to add something to it. Most wines do not stand-alone well, like a Cabernet for example. This French Bordeaux grape variety tends to be full bodied with a long finish, and thus is typically blended in a Bordeaux style. AOC doctrine dictates that a Cabernet-Sauvignon contain at least 75% Cabernet, the finishing couvie is up to the Estwte (or whom ev er the harvester might be) but is commonly blended with Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petite Verdot, or a Malbec. A lighter flavored, yet full bodied featured on our wine list is the Australian Shiraz. This grape variety is a descendant of the French Syrah, found in the northern Rhone region of France. Characteristically high in alcohol and full bodied, the Shiraz is of the same vine, just spelled differently. Working our way around the globe we find ourselves in Tuscany, Italy. Chianti, over the years, has developed a tarnished image of being a cheap table wine. Most of us have melted candles at one time or another, in a Chianti bottle covered in a reed woven basket. There are three types of quality levels of Chianti, the lowest being Chianti, a step up would be Chianti Classico (from inner Chianti), and the highest Chianti Classico Riserva (from classico region, aged three years). Chianti is a commonly blended using Sangiouese (50-80% for body and character), Canaiolo (10-30% for a frui ty flavor). Some times the addition of Trebbiano and Malvasia (10-30%) is added to soften the wine. As the wines continue to soften we find ourselves back in the Bordeaux region of France. The Merlot is a somewhat lighter colored grape, as compared to the Cabernet, is not as heavy, and tends to be somewhat fruitier. When discussing red wines of Bordeaux, there are three quality levels we must examine, proprietary, regional, and chateau. Proprietary tends to refer to table wines that have been given specific names and marked such. They are relatively inexpensive and are considered consistent drinking wines. Regional wines come from a defined area. Only grapes and wines made in that region can be called by its regional name. An example of this would be Medoc or St-Emilion. Finally, Chateau wines are products of individual vineyards. These grapes are harvested, made and bottled at a particular chateau. Chateau wines are considered the best quality of the wines in Bordeaux. Without leav ing France, we head east into the Burgundy region, to examine the lightest of our wines on the list, the Pinot Noir. Of all the wines we have discussed so far have been a couvie of some sort. Yet, red wines produced in the Burgundy region are mostly 100% Pinot Noir, with the exception of the Beaujolais gamay variety which suprisingly is 100% Gamay. These wines tend to be light in color and flavor, standing alone quite nicely. Pinot Noirs tend to make an excellent late night drinking wine with out the accompaniment of food.